MATTATHIAS HA-YIẒHARI (14th–15th century), Spanish scholar. He was a descendant of a Narbonne family which immigrated to Aragon after the expulsion from France in 1306. Mattathias, who had a profound knowledge of philosophy, was apparently a pupil of Ḥasdai Crescas . A commentary on Psalm 119 is attributed to him (Venice, 1546, partly translated into Latin by Philippe d'Aquin, Paris, 1629). Mattathias also wrote a number of other works, including a commentary on Avot (extant in Ms.) and homiletical explanations to the Pentateuch, known only by later references. It is possible, however, that at least some of them were written by an earlier Mattathias ha-Yiẓhari, perhaps his grandfather. He played a prominent but not overly courageous part in the disputation of tortosa (1413–14), where he was one of the representatives of the Saragossa community. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Renan, Ecrivains, 432f.; S. Buber, Midrash Tehillim (1891), introd.; A. Pacios López, Disputa de Tortosa (1957), index.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • MATTATHIAS — (or Mattityah ben Moshe?; 15th century), Spanish or Provençal Hebrew poet. Mattathias has sometimes been identified with Mattathias ha Yiẓhari , one of the masters who represented the Jewish communities of Aragon at the Tortosa disputation… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SARAGOSSA — (Sp. Zaragoza; Heb. סרקרסטה ,סרקסטה), city in Aragon, N.E. Spain; capital of the former kingdom of Aragon. Jews were already living in Saragossa during the late Roman and Visigothic periods, for which, however, details are not available. Muslim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TORTOSA, DISPUTATION OF — TORTOSA, DISPUTATION OF, disputation held in Tortosa, in 1413–14, the most important and longest of the christian jewish disputations which were forced upon the Jews during the Middle Ages. It was apparently prompted by Gerónimo de Santa Fé (the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CRESCAS (or Cresques), ḤASDAI BEN JUDAH — (c. 1340–winter 1410–11), Catalonian rabbi, philosopher, and statesman. Crescas was born into an old Barcelonan family of rabbis and merchants. He studied Talmud and philosophy there under Rabbi nissim b. reuben gerondi (c. 1310–1376) and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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